Peru is domestically referred to as Peru and the kind of government it has is Republic.
The capital city of Peru is Lima and boasts a population of 8.2 million.
The Peruvian flag is is made up of three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), white, and red with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a shield bearing a vicuna (representing fauna), a cinchona tree (the source of quinine, signifying flora), and a yellow cornucopia spilling out coins (denoting mineral wealth); red recalls blood shed for independence, white symbolizes peace and is displayed above.
The National symbol of Peru is vicuna (a camelid related to the llama).
The National hymn of Peru is ""Himno Nacional del Perú" ("National Anthem of Peru")" which was composed by Jose Bernardo Alcedo.